The LoRa communications protocol takes its name from “Long Range”. It is a proprietary radio protocol (Cycleo, France) intended primarily for the interconnection of IoT devices.
While LoRa refers to the radio communication technique, LoRaWAN refers to the protocol that standardizes this technique. The range of the protocol is 10 km (under ideal conditions) and is characterized by bidirectional, point-to-point security, localization and device mobility capabilities. The data exchange rate per channel ranges from 0.3 kbps to 50 kbps, focusing on low-power communications.
It uses different frequency bands depending on the locality to adapt to the regulations in which the network is deployed. Thus, in Europe, bands between 863-870/873 MHz are used, in South America between 915-928 MHz, in North America between 902-928 MHz and in Asia between 915-928 MHz